1) Nouns

- names of person, place, things, days, months, year, events and others. It is basically names of everything.

Examples:doctor, Mr. Cruz, hospital, restaurant, pencil, eraser, chair, Monday, February, party,

2) Pronouns

- words used instead of nouns.

Examples:he ( instead of Mr. Cruz, we say he) she ( instead of lady, we say she), it (pertains to animals or things), I we, you, they

3) Verbs

- are words that expresses action or state of being.

- There are three categories of verbs
1) Helping verbs or auxilliary verbs - will, would, can, could, have (there are 23 helping verbs. Learn more here)
2) Action verbs - run, walk, talk, stand, drive, smile, sleep, drink (and many more)
3) Linking verbs - verbs that connects the subject with a noun or adjective.
They are like equal signs in math.
For example, Susan is a teacher. Susan = teacher
Edgar feels happy. Edgar = happy

Phrasal Verbs

- a verb with a preposition
-verb and adverb
-verb with both preposition and adverb.

Examples: break down, see to, look down on, take off, put off, pay for, work out, make up for, etc.


4) Adverbs

- words that modify verbs, adjectives or another adverbs.

Examples:Car racing is an extremely dangerous sport. He strongly kicked the ball.

5) Adjectives

- describe nouns or pronouns

Examples:beautiful, handsome, small, big, new, yellow, dark

Generally, the adjective order in English is:

  1. Quantity or number
  2. Quality or opinion
  3. Size
  4. Age
  5. Shape
  6. Color
  7. Proper adjective (often nationality, other place of origin, or material)
  8. Purpose or qualifier.

6) Prepositions

- show the relation between a noun and a pronoun with the rest of the sentence

Examples:in, on, under, through, above below, beside, accross, between, with, at,

7) Conjunctions

- words that join words, phrases or clauses

There are 3 types of conjunction namely:
1) Coordinating conjunction- for or nor, but, yet, so
2) Subbordinating conjunction - if, unless, because, since, whenever
3) Correlative conjunction - both - and Example: Both Eric and John are teachers.
Either Jack or Jill will send you to school.

8) Interjections

- words that show excitement or emotion

Example: Wow! Darn! Ouch! Gee! My gosh! Whoah! Woops! Phew!

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